沉重而絢爛的十二月 場刊

沉重而絢爛的十二月  紀香港反世貿人民抗爭

二零零五年十二月,你當時在做甚麼?廿多齣短片,講述零五年灣仔,似乎發生過驚天動地的

大事,轉瞬又塵埃落幕。當時發生了什麼?

各地的行動者,有種植大米、小米、粟米各種農民、工人,甚麼驅使他們不遠千里來到香港這

個資本主義自由經濟的楷模?婦女、青年、父母、還有小孩子,各自懷著甚麼原因和心情參與

這場運動?主流傳媒大肆報導南韓農民推倒鐵馬,現場是否只是鏡頭所及?民間媒體又是什

麼?我們日常在接收甚麼資訊?這些資訊與生活有何關連?這又與國際貿易有甚麼關係?

反世貿,究竟是在反對甚麼?

參與過這場抗爭的行動者,帶著三步一跪的尊嚴,胡椒噴霧的灼痛,摧淚彈的窒息,新發現跨境友誼,回到我城的核心,與在地草根同行,抗爭八年。要在二零一三年的今天,再一次回顧

這段抗爭歷史,呼喚社會關注,因為資本全球化的侵犯,步步進迫,已再次壓到我們的家門

前。本年的十二月,世貿部長級會議,將再一次在亞洲區舉行,我們又將如何回應呢?

關於星期三晚放映系列

星期三晚放映系列為一個公開及免費的每月電影、錄像及紀錄片放映系列活動。由現在至本年度十二月於香港舉行之世界貿易

組織部長級會議,我們希望籍此放映系列引發有關新自由主義、資本主義以至有關之反抗及不同選擇的討論……

放眼世界可見,以世界貿易組織,國際貨幣基金會及世界銀行為首的權威性組織不斷地宣揚及強制推行着「自由市場」及「新

自由主義」的觀念。但這些組織究竟代表着甚麼,它們所推行的又是甚麼呢?

假如我們選擇相信他們的講法,我們就得 相信他們的企業全球化觀念是建基於一套值得我們追求的價值觀。我們就得相信,市

場實應建基於「選擇」、「多元性」、「個體自主」、「整體民主」以至最終達 至「生活質素提升」及「消除貧窮」,因此

「市場」應要「自由」發展。我們經常接收到「自由市場」就是「正常」及「公平」的訊息,「自由市場」的預設安排並 不反

映任何偏見或意識型態,故此,它的擴散將代表着紛爭的消除及「地球村」的建立。

由殖民者運輸鴉片的炮艦打開港口的年代,直至米奇老鼠即將登陸香港的今天,香港已深植於這「世界經濟體系」之中一世紀

之久,我們經常聽說:全球化資本主義背負着以陽光照耀陰暗,與及為我們建設,「地球上最快樂的地方」的祟高使命。

但當我們回頭看清楚我們身處的地方,以 至全世界,我們真的看到貿易自由化及國內生產總值增長消除了貧窮嗎?或是,真實

的現象反而是:在經濟發展持續增長的情況下,越來越多我們的市民朋友們,被結構性地擠壓至貧窮線以下呢?作為個體,我

們是真的可以掌握那些將影響我們生活的決定呢?或是容忍那些商貿大企業及無公開問責性的機構,對我們的生活及社區有着

比我們更大的發言權呢?我們真的看見多元化嗎?或是市場反被那些壟權者推動的一體化所飽和了呢?我們看到團結我們與鄰

人的「地球村」的發展嗎?還是見到每況越下的貧富懸殊,人與人之間的競爭,以至把邊緣社群、移民及他者塑造成代罪羔羊

的現象呢?我們看到紛爭的消除嗎?或是我們看到一個正步向自我毀滅的 世界呢?在這現況下,我們看到嘗試改善以至開創不

同選擇的自由嗎?或是我們正面對着一套拒絕考慮其他意見和渴求的可能性的觀念呢?

歷史是否已經終結?「自由市場」的原教旨主義是否就是最終的模範及唯一出路?哪裏有反對聲音?他/她們的聲音在訴說著甚

麼?

在 一個名叫齊亞柏斯的地方,那裹吹起了一道來自山區的風潮,衪為一場眾多不同運動互動而成的運動吹開了一道窗口。由西

雅圖的攤牌現場至坎昆的零公里,我們看到這就是民主的面貌,及因人民的掙扎和抵抗而展開的第四次世界大戰。其中,導航

員描繪了大企業的航圖,亞根延的飯碗奮抗路線如何行進至一個由下而上的工人當家去回奪,開創以至掌握將來的標示。

就此,我們不會成為你/妳的導引,但我們將伸出我們雙手,希望與你/妳成就分享另一個對現在觀察及另一個對將來的想像。

請參與我們的定期放映及討論─我們為你/妳準備了一個對新自由主義的特大交叉,還有對你/妳及其他人民的眾多確認和肯

定。

詳見:沉重而絢爛的十二月場刊

2005年世貿前的星期三放映系列映後討論及檢討筆記 WTO DISCUSSIONS- SOME NOTES FROM THE WEDNESDAY NIGHT FILM SERIES

SOME NOTES FROM THE WEDNESDAY NIGHT FILM SERIES

WTO DISCUSSIONS
SOME NOTES FROM THE WEDNESDAY NIGHT FILM SERIES

WNFS Films :
Fourth World War
This Is What Democracy Looks Like
WTO: A Threat to Humanity
The Corporation
Mickey Mouse Monopoly
Zapatista
Caracoles
Strong Roots
Hope in Hard Times

* * *

POWER PLAYS

CORPORATE POWER

It is important to distinguish between the structural factors of a corporation and the actions/impacts of actions taken by individual corporations…

What did we learn from THE CORPORATION?

What are the relationships (explicit or not) between corporations and government?

How can corporate power influence government?

What implications do these relationships have for different members of society?

Money is power.

MARKETING

How do individuals compete with the aggressive marketing campaigns of large corporations, who have huge amounts of capital behind them? How do we resist and critically analyze the facts behind the marketing hype? How can we raise our children to be critical consumers and thinkers in this context of mass marketing? What is ethical/not ethical? Who decides? What is being marketed-goods, but also values? -services, but also worldviews?

MEDIA

Who is controlling the media? Is media a vehicle for marketing ideologies? Whose ideologies are being marketed? What alternative sources of information do we have access to? How powerful is the media in shaping our values? -our understanding of the world? To what extent can we control what we are/are not exposed to? –what about our children?) What space is there to reject/re-shape our relationship to the media How can we resist the powerful effects of the media? How is media related to perception management? To corporate power? Marketing? Education? Perpetuation of mainstream values?

EDUCATION

What is education? Who is doing the educating, and who is being educated? Are education systems a reflection of values re: hierarchy, power, money? How do we perceive education?
-Is education a ‘way out’ for people living in poverty?
-Is education a membership card into the mainstream economic and social system?
-Is education a way to change the system by engaging it from within?

Why is so much value placed on institutionalized education? Is it time to re-conceptualize what we mean by education, andwhat skills we want to develop through education? How we can create/allow space for these skills to be developed?

What is happening within our education systems today? (HK, China?) Are students learning/encouraged to think critically? Are they questioning what they are being taught/told? Or are they just being trained to fill a role in society, to perpetuate the economic and social world orders that exist? Are we educating a new generation of obedient consumers? What are some of the implications of this?

How can education be used as a vehicle for action (long-term)~for developing critical thinking as a means of resistance, for raising awareness and sharing ideas for alternative ways of organizing? For disseminating alternative information?

THE MANY SIDES OF RESISTANCE

GRASSROOTS MOBILIZATION

What can we do as individuals in society to respond to the ‘threats” of WTO? How can we organize and mobilize to create a critical response that has impact? (Short-term/long-term; re-direct/resist)How do we engage with ourselves in a process of education/awareness? How do we engage others and create spaces for engagement without simultaneously creating hierarchy (conscientização by the people, for the people, as put forth by Paulo Freire)? Where do we seek sources of information? What sources of information are accessible to us? What communication strategies can we employ to share information within the system? What strategies can we employ to communicate outside the system? ~with the mainstream? ~with governing bodies?

There is no ‘one enemy’ out there. Each individual, each community has its own ‘enemy’, its own stuggles/challenges. Can we think in terms of localized struggles against common themes e.g. globalization? How can we share experiences with other struggles in other parts of the world…what do we mean by solidarity? e.g. Zapatista movement ®what can we learn from the Zapatistas? How did the Zapatistas create alternative systems in the face of government oppression? How were the new systems managed and adapted over time to meet emerging needs? What communication strategies did they use? How did they engage in self-education? Self-governance? What can we learn from their experiences, and how can we use this knowledge to further our own cause here in HK?

We need to be aware of the different sides of mobilization~ who is mobilizing, and/or who is being mobilized? Where is the power? Who is making decisions? Whose goals/agenda are being met? When actions are issue-based, the “public” can be exploited to showcase an “issue” or “platform” by individuals or groups with voice/power. People can exercise their own voice/power by bringing out their localized issues/struggles when participating in actions/rallies. Together, the diversity of issues raised speak for the people, and are an expression of solidarity towards each other as well as non-participating groups engaged in similar struggles.

SCALES

~PERSONAL SCALES
~SOCIETAL SCALES
~TIME SCALES

What can we as individuals do in our own lives to reject the principles of WTO and neo-liberalisation? What lifestyle choices, consumer choices, actions, etc., can we make? Where is the balance? This balance may be personal, but may have far-reaching implications for society. Where are the compromises and how do we prioritize the different values that inform our choices. Do our values differ when we consider them from different perspectives (on a personal level, or a societal level)? Do we choose for example, to buy local, to buy organic, to boycott buying from big corporations? Where is the balance? How effective are these actions? On what scales can we evaluate the effectiveness of actions? How is this balancing act played out across time scales/generations ~in the education of our children; caring for our parents, as we represent them as consumers? Do our decisions/actions affect the values of our children? What actions stem from these learned values? How do these actions affect change in the future, directly or indirectly? ~through market demand? ~through direct actions? ~through education?

ACTION

What actions can we engage in? What are the objectives of an action? What and to whom are we trying to communicate? What time scale does an objective operate on? (e.g.short-term~block a road leading to a WTO meeting; long-term~re-thinking communication strategy to engage government) Objectives can simultaneously operate on many different time scales. What physical scale does an objective operate on? (personal, local, global) What are the cultural context considerations that need to be taken into account? How do we find a balance to address the need for actions on different physical and time scales? How do we coordinate actions between people & groups operating on different physical and time scales? Do we need to coordinate, or should this happen spontaneously? Who makes decisions?

What motivates an action? How do the different forms of motivation affect an action? What do different individuals/groups taking part in the action stand to lose? Is the action born of fear or despair? Hope? Is it important to understand the differing motivations within a group collaborating on an action? Is the action even a collaboration, or a spontaneous event? Or a complex combination of both?

What are some of the consequences of an action? Was the action effective? On what time scale? On what physical scale? What are the criteria for evaluation? Who decides on the criteria for evaluation? Is there opportunity for critical reflection on an action? What are some unintended consequences? Can they be considered positive/negative? Should we move away from dichotomies of positive/negative? How is an action portrayed by different media? Can we cooperate with the media to use it as a vehicle for achieving an objective? Can the media be trusted? How much effort can we put into perception management?

How can we reflect on the consequences of an action? How was it portrayed and perceived? What are some of the repercussions? Do activists “box” themselves, or are they “being boxed” into a convenient perception category of “troublemaking leftists” through direct actions? Who is responsible for this? The media? An uncritical public? Activists? Should this possible outcome be a factor in deciding whether or not to engage in direct action? Are rallies and protests becoming too “predictable/obedient” to be effective? Are rallies and protests becoming too “radical/violent” to be effective? What are some possible consequences, if no direct action is taken? Is it more dangerous to be passive? Why? Where is the balance when the costs and benefits of action/no action are weighed out? Who decides?

What other forms of resistance can be exercised? Is action getting too much attention relative to other forms of resistance? What objectives can rallies/protests/civil disobedience achieve? Under what circumstances?What strategies can be employed to increase the effectiveness of an action? What is appropriate for an individual, in their context? Each individual makes their own decision regarding what is appropriate from them…

Important Point!! Its dangerous to generalize!! About “the activists”, or “the Hong Kong people”! …Although generalizations can lead into questions of what is cultural identity? For example, ~What do many Hong Kongers identify with as part of their cultural identity? And the summary below uses this generalization…(!)

CONNECTIONS TO HONG KONG

How are struggles in other parts of the world related to the Hong Kong experience? How do we make the connections? To what degree is the facilitator/individual responsible for drawing these connections? Many Hong Kongers relate international trade with better livelihoods for themselves and their families (trade = better business = healthy economy = higher standard of living) How do we identify/reveal/expose some of the negative aspects of the WTO, in ways that people in HK can relate to? What do we want to show? Human/social costs? Environmental costs? Economic costs?

What values do the WTO’s structure and current operation reflect? How is power structured, and who makes decisions? What room is there for input? Feedback? Sharing? Discussion? Access to information? Do these values match those of the people whose lives are inextricably linked to the national economy and therefore the WTO? What implications does the WTO have for democracy? ~human rights?

What can we learn from other people’s experiences, approaches, struggles, and how do we translate this knowledge and make it appropriate to our/the Hong Kong context? Is globalization not a global issue? We may be residents of citizens of a country, but are we not also members of global society? What responsibilities do we have/feel we have to ensure the rights all people? What do we understand solidarity to mean? How can we make our voices heard, so that our values are reflected in the policies that affect our lives?

E.g.’s discussed: HK privatization of postal services, housing management, re-location of garment factories to China®who bears the benefits and who bears the cost?

Can we think of WTO as being modeled on Hong Kong?? Hong Kong to many people is the very essence of trade- its economy isa perfect platform to showcase the possibilities of a free market? If WTO is modeled on Hong Kong, what does this say about other places, whose markets are less developed? What does this say about Hong Kong as a site of resistance?

AGENTS OF CHANGE

Who is leading the move towards greater and greater concentration of wealth and power? Is the system structured/designed in such a way to perpetuate this direction towards monopolization of power (e.g.World Bank, WTO)? Does there need to be a leader, or just compliance and/or passivity to keep us going down this track?

Who is leading the resistance? It is probably overly simplistic to say “the resistance”… Do we want to have leaders, or can we break down these hierarchies? What alternative organizational structures are possible? What decision-making methods can be employed? How can power be equitably distributed and shared? How can participation in decision making be encouraged? E.g. what can we learn from the Zapatista Caracoles model of community decision-making power?

觀影線索~關於【全球化】

關於【全球化】

全球化全球化,這三個字你或許有時會說它是投資賺錢的好機遇;或是買平靚正貨的好原因;有時會說它是必然過程,甚至說是對發展中國家的,請憐憫同情消災解難。這樣說全球化,這三個字便是真象?便是全球化帶來的事實嗎?

資本累積資本,資本追逐資本,資本經過政客和資本家,他們撈兩把,然後,再來!讓資本翻八翻,資本又累積資本,資本又追逐資本,政客和資本家都想辦法撈多十六把,立一些對他們有利的法則、訂一些他們的規矩,聯合一切他們能聯合的資本家和政客,花光所有腦汁,目的讓資本翻三十二翻,再把他們訂的法則、立的規矩裝飾得更漂亮,撈多六十四把。資本可以想留就留想走就走,再累積資本,再追蹤資本。資本經過的地域,執行辦法中的地方,同時衍生出不同形狀不同形式的壓迫,那些壓迫影響的是一-個-個-活-生-生-的人。

在「全球化」這條觀影線索當中,每條選片皆流著全球化的禍根,亦看到人民在這一環環流動之中,發出真實的聲音。在這逃不開,留不下的全球政治經濟網絡當中,人民都在流動,隨著資本走,隨著資本被迫走,資本累積同義詞是認錢不認人,走呀走,走呀走~~不過,除此以外, 同時也發生了無權勢者跨裔跨藉跨地發展出來的連結和抵抗。

你會看到非裔新移民、越藉菲藉移工在某時某地某抗爭中的生活面貌,和反世貿時,跨裔跨藉跨地發展出另一種友誼的可貴。

即使是留和守,人民仍須要面對全球資本對人民賴以為生的土地的覬覦,要面對保護家園的種種鬥爭;又或即使留守不走,全球資本對你生活週遭環境的破壞,最後可能也迫令你不得不走。如果走與留,都要面對嚴峻處境的話,無權勢者是否只能接受這種被設定為賺錢工具的命運呢?

 

on globalization

capital flows, it shapes and differentiate various forms of oppression which is affecting each individuals. The selection of “globalization” are all about bane, but also about people realistic voice inside a flow linked with another flow.

among economic-politically global network, who could escape from? who wanna stay without autonomous life? people run and capital flows, capital means accumulation but do not refers to humanity. people keep running and being forced to flow. however, solidarity and resistance have been being taken place linked by powerless people.

or you stay and defend, the people still have to face the struggles to protect their homes and land, where global capital flows; due to damaged life circumstance,  you are finally compelled to give up even you make choices to stay and defend , where capital flows. whatever run or flow, stay or defend, people have to face the grim situation, the question have to been asked, is it the only way of powerless people to accept the fate that is set up as tools of making money?

延伸活動~反世貿灣仔導賞團

[最新公告:反世貿灣仔導賞團現已額滿]
 
謝謝各方友好支持:反世貿灣仔導賞團現已額滿。所有已成功報名的朋友,我們將會在今個星期末,以電話聯絡確認,也誠邀你先來看看反世貿民間紀錄片社會運動電影節開幕場--
《沉重而絢爛的十二月》
如仍有興趣參與了解反世貿或灣仔導賞團,請在5/10 2:30 前往唐三參與《沉重而絢爛的十二月》放映會,如放映討論人數氣氛俱佳,或者可能不排除考慮一下不日加團,或者不加。又或者各位也可以參加另一延伸活動《想嘗商討》
總之總之,所有最新公告以網頁為準 =P
謝謝各位。

反世貿灣仔導賞團

日期:12/10/2013(星期六)
時間:3:30 PM
人數:15人以內,必需電郵(smff@riseup.net)報名,電話作實(81012056)
集合:尖沙咀五枝旗桿等
注意:請穿舒適衣物及鞋,自行帶備足夠的水或食物,中途未必有機會設小休

簡介:
灣仔在這十年間,經歷了大大小小的社會行動,也孕育了幾個強而有力的社區運動。這些故事在通識科、在香港史,還都來不及裝載:

2003年的灣仔利東街重建抗爭伊始,牽動了各種重建/保育的幾次重要社區運動及帶來的重要政策改革,令灣仔有了藍屋的留屋留人保育實驗,又同時有著灣仔街市、和昌大押及至利東街等詭異示範。

2005的反世貿國際抗爭團在馬師道鴻興道昂然行進,催淚氣胡椒噴霧在中環廣場或告士打道無差別襲來,國際與本地行動者處處流過的汗水與眼淚。

走到2013年的今天,世貿會議又將重回亞洲,空降印尼峇里,國際間反世貿的抗爭仍然緊隨的今天,讓我們回到灣仔的各個行動/運動的現場,以社區作為起 點,重新尋索全球化到反全球化、行動與運動,在一個小小的城市中心,可以匯合成怎樣一個面貌,又蘊含著多少民間反抗的能量。